U.K. feels last-minute heat from the U.S. over a key 5G decision
During 2018, the U.S. warned its allies not to use Huawei networking gear for their 5G networks. Even though the Chinese manufacturer is the largest provider of networking equipment worldwide, the U.S. considers it to be a national security threat. That's because of a law in China that allows the government to demand that the company gather intelligence on its behalf; this has led many U.S. lawmakers to state that Huawei's devices contain a back door that sends this information to Beijing. We should point out that Huawei has constantly denied these allegations and no back door has ever been found.
Despite pressure from the U.S., not all of America's allies felt that they needed to ban Huawei equipment from their 5G networks. Those that heeded the U.S. warning include Australia and Japan. Germany refused to knuckle under from U.S. pressure and decided to allow Huawei to help it build the country's 5G network. And with a final decision expected by the U.K. soon, Reuters reports that the U.S. is making a last bid effort to get the U.K. to join the ban. Tomorrow, U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo is scheduled to meet with British Foreign Secretary Dominic Raab and the topic of Huawei is expected to come up. The U.S. was also planning to send a delegation that included deputy national security adviser Matt Pottinger to Britain this week to discuss the use of the manufacturer's networking equipment. But bad weather forced the cancellation of the trip.
Britain has a much cozier relationship with China than the U.S. does, especially with the latter two countries enmeshed in a trade war. In addition, a Huawei spokesman said that the company was told by U.K. lawmakers that its networking gear would not be used in networks earmarked for intelligence use. The Huawei spokesman added, "Our 5G equipment does not pose a threat to information security. We are confident the UK government will take an evidence-based approach when making its decision about Huawei’s inclusion in the 5G network."
The U.S. is so serious about getting its allies to back off the use of Huawei networking gear that it passed a law that threatens to restrict the sharing of intelligence with countries that allow the use of Huawei's equipment for their 5G networks. Part of the U.S. 2020 defense spending law states that U.S. intelligence agencies must consider whether a country uses telecom and cybersecurity equipment "provided by adversaries of the United States, particularly China and Russia," before agreeing to an intelligence-sharing deal with it. Republican Senator Tom Cotton, who added the above provision to the defense spending bill, is reportedly working on a new draft bill that would "significantly restrict" intelligence-sharing with countries that use Huawei equipment in their 5G networks. The senator told Reuters that "I’m profoundly concerned about the possibility that close allies, including the U.K., might permit the Chinese Communist Party effectively to build their highly sensitive 5G infrastructure."
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